There is no denying that students should learn something about how computers work, just
as we expect them at least to understand that the internal-combustion engine (内燃机) has
something to do with burning fuel, expanding gases and pistons (活塞) being driven. For
people should have some basic idea of how the things that they use do what they do. Further,
students might be helped by a course that considers the computer's impact on society. But
that is not what is meant by computer literacy. For computer literacy is not a form of literacy
(读写能力); it is a trade skill that should not be taught as a liberal art.
Learning how to use a computer and learning how to program one are two distinct
activities. A case might be made that the competent citizens of tomorrow should free
themselves from their fear of computers. But this is quite different from saying that all ought
to know how to program one. Leave that to people who have chosen programming as a
career. While programming can be lots of fun, and while our society needs some people
who are experts at it, the same is true of auto repair and violin-making.
Learning how to use a computer is not that difficu1t, and it gets easier all the time as
programs become more "user-friendly". Let us assume that in the future everyone is
going to have to know how to use a computer to be a competent citizen. What does the
phrase "learning to use a computer" mean? It sounds like "learning to drive a car", that is,
it sounds as if there is some set of definite skills that, once acquired, enable one to use a
In fact, "learning to use a computer" is much more like "learning to play a game", but
learning the rules of one game may not he1p you play a second game, whose rules may
not be the same. There is no such a thing as teaching someone how to use a computer.
One can only teach people to use this or that program and generally that is easily accomplished.
B. be aware of how the things that they use do what they do
C. learn to use a computer by acquiring a certain set of skills
D. understand that programming a computer is more essential than repairing a car.
B. our society needs experts in different fields
C. violin-making requires as much skill as computer programming
D. people who can use a computer don't necessarily have to know computer programming
B. programs are designed to be convenient to users
C. programming is becoming easier and easier
D. programs are becoming readily available to computer users
B. the fundamentals of computer science
C. specific programs
D. general principles of programming
B. to explain the concept of computer literacy
C. to illustrate the requirements for being competent citizens of tomorrow
D. to emphasize that computer programming is an interesting and challenging job.
科目：高中英语 来源：陕西省师大附中2012届高三第四次模拟考试英语试题 题型：050
科目：高中英语 来源：河南省豫东、豫北十所名校2012年高三测试(四)英语试题 题型：050
科目：高中英语 来源：湖北省期中题 题型：阅读理解
It is said that e-schoolbags are going to be brought into use in Chinese middle schools
soon. An experiment with several hundred e-schoolbags will begin in seven cities: Beijing,
Shanghai, Dalian, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Taiyuan and Shijiazhuang. And the e-schoolbags
are going to cover all over China if the experiment shows to be successful. In fact, the
e-schoolbag should perhaps be called an e-notebook. It is a small hand-held computers
for school students.
Heavy schoolbags have long been a serious problem for school students. The average
schoolbag of middle school students weighs up to 5 kilos. But the e-schoolbag will change
everything. It is much lighter than a usual schoolbag, weighing under 1 kilo.
Also, it is no bigger than a usual book, but it can still hold all the things for study, such
as a textbook, a notebook and exercise book. They could be made into chips that are as
small as a stamp. The students can read the text page by page on the screen. They can
still take notes using a special electronic pen. If they want to know the meaning or the
pronunciation of a new word, or even e-mail their teachers, it's just a press of a button.
In some foreign countries, it is becoming common. But it is hard to tell when people
will receive this new form of study. Some say that e-textbooks can easily be broken,
some say that it is not good to students' eyesight to look at the screen for long.But only
time will tell.
B. It can send e-mails.
C. It can be used as a dictionary.
D. It can phone somebody.
B. are used as an experiment in Tianjin
C. are made of metal
D. are going to cover China if it shows to be successful
B. We can do a lot of work based on the programmers of the chips.
C. The e-notebooks are very perfect.
D. We will not make notes because the e-notebook can make all by itself.
B. Please Change Your Schoolbag
C. A New Invention, A New Schoolbag
科目：高中英语 来源：同步题 题型：阅读理解
events),many of the people you meet will be quiet and polite.Some people may be intolerant, but most will be pleasant and welcoming.Remember that American films and television exaggerate(夸张)in order to
generate excitement, and so present a rather false picture of what life in the United States is really like.
Therefore,tourists in the US are not always on their best behavior.
Americans do tend to be more informal than people from other countries.It is common for Americans
to wear casual clothing to school and to greet professors by first name.However, good manners and
politeness are always appreciated.If you are polite, and dress a little more formally than your American
friends, it will not be poorly thought of.
However,some businesses require their employees to wear a uniform or a suit.It would be improper to wear a Tshirt and blue jeans to a job interview.Some of the more prestigious restaurants require a coat and a tie.Americans tend to dress up for cultural events(the opera,theater and ballet)and to dress down for
athletic events.Formal wear is required at weddings and funerals, or any other event with religion.If you
rely on the stereotypes,you will likely put yourself into an embarrassing situation.
B. you should not believe the stereotypes you may have heard about Americans
C. none of the stereotypes you may have heard about Americans should be believed
D. none of the stereotypes you may have heard about Americans should not be believed
B. visitors to America
C. American students
D. American filmmakers
B. people who are polite are welcome
C. casual clothing makes others uncomfortable
D. American students are impolite to their teachers
B. it is good manners to wear blue jeans to a wedding
C. Americans usually wear formal clothes in a theater
D. to dress formally makes others feel you are not easy
to get on with
科目：高中英语 来源：同步题 题型：阅读理解
Sleep earlier. You might be used to staying up late, perhaps watching TV or surfing the Internet. However, you just might fall asleep much sooner than you think.
Put your alarm away from your bed. You have to get up out of bed to shut it off. By then, you're up.
Now you just have to stay up.
Go out of the bedroom as soon as you shut off the alarm. Don't find an excuse to go back to bed. My
habit is to force myself into the bathroom. By the time I've washed my hand, and the toilet of course, and
looked at my ugly face in the mirror, I'm awake enough to face the day.
Allow yourself to sleep in once in a while, as long as it's not a regular thing. I do it maybe once a week or so.
Make it a reward. At first you're forcing yourself to do something hard, but if you do something
pleasurable as part of your morning routine, soon you will look forward to waking up early. My reward used to be to make a hot cup of coffee for myself and read a book. Now I look outside (or better yet, get
outside!) and watch the sky turn light. It's beautiful. It's now my favorite time of day.
Getting up early is a reward in itself for me and so will it be for you.
B. Shut off TV and the Internet, and face the day.
C. Get up at the same time every day to keep the habit.
D. Do something enjoyable in the morning to begin the day.
B. we really need a cold wash
C. the alarm clock needs to be shut off
D. that will make ourselves completely awake
B. making a cup of coffee for himself
C. watching the daybreak
D. sleeping late, and thinking in bed
B. give tips for becoming an early bird
C. persuade people to get up early
D. help get rewards from getting up early