China is a nation of etiquette.Chinese people are(21)B the

作者:China is a nation of etiquette.Chinese people are(21)B the 来源:未知 2021-07-18   阅读:

分析本文主要介绍了中国家庭是如何招待客人的.中国人非常热情好客.正如几千年前孔子所说的:有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?解答答案:21.B考查介词.根据

分析 本文主要介绍了中国家庭是如何招待客人的.中国人非常热情好客.正如几千年前孔子所说的:有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?

解答 答案:21.B 考查介词.根据题干后半句the most hospitable(好客的) people in the world.世界上最热情好客的人.结合选项,during 在什么期间",表示在一段时间内,".among 在…中间;表示在多者之间.between在…之间,表示在两者之间.可知应该是指在多者之间.句意为中国人民是世界上最热情好客的人.故选B.
22.C 考查名词.根据题干后半句visit a Chinese family拜访一个中国家庭.结合选项,foreign外国的;foreigner外国人;foreigners外国人,复数形式.可推知应该是如果外国人拜访一个中国家庭.这里外国人应该用复数形式.故选C.
23.A  考查固定搭配.根据题干上半句If foreigners visit a Chinese family如果外国人拜访一个中国家庭.题干后半句at the warmth that they would receive as guests.他们作为客人感受到的温暖.结合选项,surprised感到惊讶的;surprise惊讶;可知他们会对他们作为客人感受到的温暖感到惊讶.be surprised at对…感到惊讶.是固定搭配.故选A.
24.C 考查动词.根据题干前半句When you visit a Chinese family,the host usually makes tea for you 当你拜访一个中国家庭,主人通常为你泡茶.此句由and连接,前后应该是并列关系.makes用的单三形式,所以serve也要加s.意为主人通常为你泡茶并提供饼干或糖果这样的零食.故选C.
25.A 考查形容词.根据题干前半句Someone in the family will also chat with you,家庭中有人还会和你聊天,可知题干意思为从不要让你感觉孤单.feel是系动词,后接形容词作表语.选项中lonely是形容词,孤单的.alone独自;C选项也是形容词,在意思与句意不符.故选A.
26.B 考查固定搭配.根据题干At the same time,other family members will be busy…a meal for you.与此同时,其他家庭成员都会忙于…给你一顿饭.可知应该是忙于为你准备一顿饭.be busy doing sth忙于做某事,是固定搭配.故选B.
27.A 考查固定搭配.根据题干Chinese people treat their guests…a big meal.中国人款待他们的客人…一顿大餐.结合选项,with与,和;as因为;for为.可知此处应该用treat sb with sth以…方式对待某人.是固定搭配.句意为中国人用一顿大餐款待他们的客人.故选A.
28.A 考查序数词.根据上文They always present more food than the guests can eat.他们总是提供比客人可以吃的更多的食物.再结合中国待客方式,结合选项,first第一,首先;second其次;last最后.可知题干意思为在桌上,客人们必须第一个吃.故选A.
29.C 考查形容词.根据题干后半句that the Chinese host likes to pick food for guests,which won't happen at western tables.中国的主人喜欢为客人夹菜,这不会发生在西方的餐桌上.结合选项,eastern东方的;southern南方的;western西方的.可知题干意思为可能令西方人感到惊讶的一件事是,中国主人喜欢为客人夹菜,这不会发生在西方的餐桌上.故选C.
30.B 考查固定搭配.根据下文As you finish eating,the host usually says,"It seems that you didn't eat much.当你吃完,主人通常说,"你似乎没吃多少."可知中国人很热情,他们会费尽心思让你感觉在自己家一样.go out of their way费尽心思.是固定搭配.get in their way挡他们的路;lose their way迷路.故选B.
31.A 考查代词.根据上文As you finish eating,the host usually says,"It seems that you didn't eat much.当你吃完,主人通常说,"你似乎没吃多少."结合选项,more更多的;less较少的;many许多.可知他们还会说请多吃点.故选A.
32.B 考查连词.根据题干上半句You tell them you are full你告诉他们你已经吃饱了.下半句they still put more food in your bowl.他们还把更多的食物在你的碗里.结合选项,although尽管;but但是;because因为.可知前后表示转折的关系.故选B.
33.C 考查动名词.根据题干后半句warm and hospitable has been an important part of Chinese culture and tradition.温暖和热情好客是中国文化和传统的重要组成部分.这里应该用动名词短语做主语.being warm and hospitable 温暖和热情.故选C.
34.A 考查数词.根据题干前半句As Confucius(孔子)said正如孔子所说.后面接的是时间状语.结合常识,可知应是在几千年前.thousands of前面无明确数字,表示"数以千计的","成千上万的",如:thousands of years表示"几千年".故选A.
35.C 考查形容词.根据题干上半句To meet friends from a place far away,有朋友从远方来.这正是孔子的名言:有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?题干是一个how引导的感叹句.结构:how+形容词+主语+谓语.结合选项,happily快乐地;unhappy不快乐的;happy快乐的.有朋友从远方来.应该是提高性的.故选C.

点评 完形填空题要根据上下文语境,运用语法和词汇知识,反复推敲以求得解答.对于同义词和近义词的选项,在充分考虑到上下文具体语境下特别注意这些同义词和近义词搭配.

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